DIMENSÕES INSTITUCIONAIS ASSOCIADAS À ABERTURA DE DADOS GOVERNAMENTAIS: UMA ANÁLISE TRANSNACIONAL

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51206/elegis.v15i38.752

Palavras-chave:

Dados Governamentais Abertos, Governo Aberto, Dimensões Institucionais, Tecnologias da Informação e Comunicação, Governos Nacionais

Resumo

A academia tem investigado os benefícios e barreiras da adoção dos dados governamentais abertos (DGA). Todavia, há lacunas teóricas sobre a influência dos fatores institucionais sobre os DGA. Logo, o objetivo do estudo é analisar o relacionamento entre as dimensões institucionais e o nível de abertura de dados governamentais em diferentes países. Para isso, adotou-se abordagem quantitativa, utilizando dados secundários e modelo de regressão linear. Evidenciou-se que o desempenho das iniciativas de DGA associam-se com o grau de existência de uma política pública específica para DGA, a existência de uma lei de acesso à informação, o desenvolvimento dos programas de governo eletrônico, a participação do país na Open Government Partnership e a qualidade administrativa do governo. Portanto, para além dos desafios técnicos, as características das dimensões institucionais de cada país fazem o padrão de implementação e o desempenho das iniciativas nacionais de DGA variarem caso a caso.

Biografia do Autor

Jaedson Gomes dos Santos

Mestre em Gestão Pública e Cooperação Internacional pela Universidade Federal da Paraí­ba (PGPCI-UFPB)

Flavio Perazzo Barbosa Mota

Professor do Departamento de Gestão Pública (DGP) e do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Gestão Pública e Cooperação Internacional da Universidade Federal da Paraí­ba (PGPCI-UFPB)

Referências

ALBANO, Claudio Sonaglio; REINHARD, Nicolau. Desafios para governos e sociedade no ecossistema brasileiro de dados governamentais abertos (DGA). Cadernos Gestão Pública e Cidadania, v. 20, n. 67, 2015.

ALLISON, Paul D. Multiple Regression: A Primer. Thousand Oaks. Pine Forge Press, 1999.

ALTAYAR, Mohammed Saleh. Motivations for open data adoption: An institutional theory perspective. Government Information Quarterly, v. 35, n. 4, p.633-643, 2018.

BROWN, D. Electronic government and public administration. International Review of Administrative Sciences, v. 71, n. 2, p. 241–254, 2005.

CINGOLANI, Luciana; THOMSSON, Kaj; CROMBRUGGHE, Denis de. Minding Weber More Than Ever? The Impacts of State Capacity and Bureaucratic Autonomy on Development Goals. World Development, v. 72, p. 191-207, 2015.

DAVIES, Tim; PERINI, Fernando; ALONSO, Jose. Researching the emerging impacts of open data. ODDC Working Papers. World Wide Web Foundation. 2013.

DAVIES, Tim; PERINI, Fernando. Researching the emerging impacts of open data: revisiting the ODDC conceptual framework. The Journal of Community Informatics, v. 12, n. 2, p.148-178, 2016.

DAVIES, Tim. Open data policies and practice: An international comparison. In: European Consortium for Political Research Conference, 8., 2014, Glasgow. 8th European Consortium for Political Research Conference. Glasgow, 2014. p. 1-26.

DIMAGGIO, Paul J.; POWELL, Walter W.. The Iron Cage Revisited: institutional isomorphism and collective rationality in organizational fields. American Sociological Review, v. 48, n. 2, p. 147-160, 1983.

EVANS, Peter. Embedded Autonomy. Princeton. Princeton University Press, 1995.

FOUNTAIN, Jane E. Building the virtual state: Information technology and institutional change. Brookings Institution Press, 2001.

FUKUYAMA, Francis. What is Governance? Governance, v. 26, n. 3, p.347-368, 2013.

GONZÁLEZ-ZAPATA, Felipe; HEEKS, Richard. The Challenges of Institutionalising Open Government Data: a historical perspective of Chile’s OGD initiative and digital government institutions. In: VAN SCHALKWYK, François; VERHULST, Stefaan G.; MAGALHAES, Gustavo; PANE, Juan; WALKER, Johanna (ed.). The Social Dynamics of Open Data. Cape Town: African Minds, 2017. p. 13-34.

GONZALEZ-ZAPATA, Felipe R. The Influence of Political Institutions and Power on Open Government Data (OGD): a case study of the chilean OGD initiative. 2017. 328 f. Tese (Doutorado) - Curso de Doutorado em Ciência Política. Global Development Institute School of Environment, Education nd Development, Universidade de Manchester, Manchester, 2017.

GUJARATI, Damodar N.; PORTER, Dawn C. Econometria Básica. 5. ed. Porto Alegre: Amgh Editora Ltda., 2011.

HAIR, J. F. et al. Multivariate Data Analysis. 6th. ed. Upper Saddle River: Prentice-Hall International, 2005.

HARRISON, Teresa M.; GUERRERO, Santiago; BURKE, G. Brian; COOK, Meghan; CRESSWELL, Anthony; HELBIG, Natalie; HRDINOVA, Jana; PARDO, Theresa. Open government and e-government: democratic challenges from a public value perspective. Information Polity, v. 17, n. 2, p. 83-97, 2012.

HENNINGER, Maureen. Reforms to counter a culture of secrecy: open government in australia. Government Information Quarterly, v. 35, n. 3, p. 398-407, 2018.

JANSSEN, Marijn; CHARALABIDIS, Yannis; ZUIDERWIJK, Anneke. Benefits, Adoption Barriers and Myths of Open Data and Open Government. Information Systems Management, v. 29, n. 4, p.258-268, 2012.

KALAMPOKIS, Evangelos; TAMBOURIS, Efthimios; TARABANIS, Konstantinos. A classification scheme for open government data: towards linking decentralised data. International Journal of Web Engineering and Technology, v. 6, n. 3, p.1-20, 2011.

KASSEN, Maxat. Open data and its institutional ecosystems: A comparative cross‐jurisdictional analysis of open data platforms. Canadian Public Administration, v. 61, n. 1, p. 109-129, 2018.

KELLSTEDT, Paul; WHITTEN, Guy. The Fundamentals of Political Science Research. 2. ed. Nova York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

LUNA-REYES, Luis F.; NAJAFABADI, Mahdi M. The US open data initiative: the road ahead. Information Polity, v. 24, n. 2, p. 163-182, 2019.

MARCH, James G.; OLSEN, Johan P. Rediscovering institutions: the organizational basis of politics. New York: Free Press, 1989.

MARTIN, Chris. Barriers to the open government data agenda: Taking a multi‐level perspective. Policy & Internet, v. 6, n. 3, p. 217-240, 2014.

MATHEUS, Ricardo; RIBEIRO, Manuella Maia; VAZ, José Carlos. Strategies and instruments for the dissemination and promotion of open government data use in Brazil: case study of Rio de Janeiro city hall. Revista Tecnologia e Sociedade, Curitiba, v. 14, n. 33, p.172-189, 2018.

NORTH, Douglass. Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

OPEN GOVERNMENT PARTNERSHIP. Open Government Partnership - Members. 2020. Disponível em: https://www.opengovpartnership.org/our-members/. Acesso em: 23 nov. 2019.

OPEN GOVERNMENT PARTNERSHIP. Open Government Declaration. 2011. Disponível em: https://www.opengovpartnership.org/process/joining-ogp/open-government-declaration/ . Acesso em: 12 mar. 2021.

PETERS, B. Guy. Institutional Theory in Political Science: The 'New Institutionalism'. Pinter, 1999.

POSSAMAI, Ana Júlia. Dados Abertos no Governo Federal Brasileiro: desafios de transparência e interoperabilidade. 2016. 300 f. Tese (Doutorado) - Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciência Política, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, 2016.

PURON-CID, Gabriel. Factors for a successful adoption of budgetary transparency innovations: a questionnaire report of an open government initiative in Mexico. Government Information Quarterly, v. 31, p. 49-62, 2014.

ROSNAY, Melanie Dulong de; JANSSEN, Katleen. Legal and Institutional Challenges for Opening Data across Public Sectors: towards common policy solutions. Journal of Theoretical And Applied Electronic Commerce Research, v. 9, n. 3, p. 1-14, 2014.

ROTHSTEIN, Bo; TEORELL, Jan. What Is Quality of Government? A Theory of Impartial Government Institutions. Governance, v. 21, n. 2, p. 165-190, 2008.

SAFAROV, Igbal; MEIJER, Albert; GRIMMELIKHUIJSEN, Stephan. Utilization of open government data: a systematic literature review of types, conditions, effects and users. Information Polity, v. 22, n. 1, p. 1-24, 2017.

SAFAROV, Igbal. Institutional Dimensions of Open Government Data Implementation: Evidence from the Netherlands, Sweden, and the UK. Public Performance & Management Review, v. 42, n. 2, p.305-328, 2019.

SAYOGO, Djoko Sigit; PARDO, Theresa A.; COOK, Meghan. A Framework for Benchmarking Open Government Data Efforts. 2014 47th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, p.1896-1905, 2014.

SEWADEH, Mirvat; SISSON, Jeffrey. Disseminating Government Data Effectively in the Age of Open Data. Federal Data Science, p.13-28, 2018.

UNITED NATIONS. Sustainable Development Goals Indicators Database. 2016. Disponível em: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/indicators/database. Acesso em: 02 jan. 2020.

UNITED NATIONS. UN E-Government Survey 2016. 2016. Disponível em: https://publicadministration.un.org/egovkb/en-us/Reports/UN-E-Government-Survey-2016. Acesso em: 10 abr. 2020.

UNITED NATIONS. UN Data. 2021. Disponível em: http://data.un.org/. Acesso em: 04 mar. 2021.

VAN SCHALKWYK, Francois; WILLMERS, Michelle A.; SCHONWETTER, Tobias. Institutionalizing Open Data in Government. SSRN Electronic Journal, p. 1-23, 2016.

VARIETIES OF DEMOCRACY. V-Dem Dataset V6. 2016. Disponível em: https://www.v-dem.net/en/data/archive/previous-reference-materials/reference-material-v6/. Acesso em: 05 jun. 2020.

VELJKOVIĆ, Nataša; BOGDANOVIĆ-DINIĆ, Sanja; STOIMENOV, Leonid. Benchmarking open government: An open data perspective. Government Information Quarterly, v. 31, n. 2, p.278-290, 2014.

WEB FOUNDATION. Open Data Barometer, 4th Edition. 2016. Disponível em: <https://opendatabarometer.org/4thedition/?_year=2016&indicator=ODB>. Acesso em: 22 jul. 2019.

WEB FOUNDATION. Open Data Barometer 4th edition - Research Handbook. 2016b. Disponível em: https://opendatabarometer.org/doc/4thEdition/ODB-4thEdition-ResearchHandbook.pdf. Acesso em: 07 mar. 2020.

WEB FOUNDATION. Open Data Barometer 4th edition: Primary Data - Context and Impact. 2016. Disponível em: https://opendatabarometer.org/data/4thEdition/ODB-4thEdition-PrimaryData-Context-Impact.csv. Acesso em: 14 abr. 2020.

YANG, Tung-mou; LO, Jin; SHIANG, Jing. To open or not to open? Determinants of open government data. Journal of Information Science, v. 41, n. 5, p.596-612, 2015.

YANG, Tung-Mou; WU, Yi-Jung. Examining the socio-technical determinants influencing government agencies' open data publication: a study in taiwan. Government Information Quarterly, v. 33, n. 3, p. 378-392, 2016.

YU, H.; ROBINSON, D. G. The new ambiguity of ―open government. UCLA Law Review Discourse, Los Angeles, v. 59, p.178-208, 2012.

ZUIDERWIJK, Anneke; JANSSEN, Marijn. Open data policies, their implementation and impact: A framework for comparison. Government Information Quarterly, v. 31, n. 1, p.17-29, 2014.

ZUIDERWIJK, Anneke; JANSSEN, Marijn; CHOENNI, Sunil; MEIJER, Ronald. Design principles for improving the process of publishing open data. Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, v. 8, n. 2, p. 185-204, 2014.

Publicado

2022-06-22

Como Citar

Santos, J. G. dos, & Mota, F. P. B. (2022). DIMENSÕES INSTITUCIONAIS ASSOCIADAS À ABERTURA DE DADOS GOVERNAMENTAIS: UMA ANÁLISE TRANSNACIONAL. E-Legis - Revista Eletrônica Do Programa De Pós-Graduação Da Câmara Dos Deputados, 15(38), 58–77. https://doi.org/10.51206/elegis.v15i38.752

Edição

Seção

Dossiê Governo e Parlamento Digital